types of cancer and treatment

Types of Cancer and Cancer Treatment Options Available

The entire function and behavior of a living cell are controlled by its genetic content. From generation to growth to death, everything is controlled. When these cells multiply uncontrollably, a cluster is produced called a tumor.

Tumors can be benign or cancerous. Malignant tumors interfere with the normal functioning of an organ causing troubles. When cancer spreads, it can form in any tissue or an organ causing chronic health issues. The experts of the Best Cancer Hospital in India point out the type of cancers affecting the human physiology.

Types of Cancer 

Carcinoma

This is the commonest form of cancer diagnosed that originates in the skin cell, lungs, pancreas, breasts, glands, and other organs.

Lymphomas

Cancer occurring in the lymph cells or the cells responsible for our immunity is called lymphoma. These cells are present in the spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, and bone marrow.

Leukemia

Leukemia is a different kind of cancer where there is no lump or tumor formation. The abnormality in the blood cells causes this cancer.

Sarcoma

Sarcoma is cancer occurring in the connective tissues such as muscle, bone, fat, cartilage, blood vessels, soft tissues, etc.

Treatment of Cancer

According to the Best Cancer Hospital in India, the types of cancer treatment are mentioned below.

Surgical treatment

The surgical removal of tumors and cancerous cells/tissue is a way to treat the disease and stop or reduce its propagation. Cancer surgery can be of the following types.

  • Laser surgery
  • Cryosurgery
  • Electrosurgery

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves the injection of anticancer medicine through the veins of a patient. This therapy is done when cancer has spread to the different sections of the human body. It is also prescribed and conducted in patients when doctors suspect the spreading of cancer in other parts of the human body.

Radiation

It is a common way to treat cancer-affected areas by focusing on high-intensity X-ray beams on the cancer cells. It can be the only treatment or paired with radiation and surgery for different cases.

Targeted Therapy

Specific drugs are designed that get attached to the cancer cells and mess with their abnormal growth tendencies. These drugs are used to stop spreading cancer by targeting cancer cells only.

Immunotherapy

The patient’s immune system is triggered to fight cancer automatically.

Hormone therapy

There are certain types of cancer that grows using hormones (prostate and breast cancer). Hormone therapy is specifically used for this type of cancer.

Stem cells

Replacement of the cells destroyed during cancer treatment using stem cells extracted from the bone marrows or blood is called stem cell treatment.

Photodynamic therapy

A specially-designed drug is injected in the circulatory system and a special kind of light is projected to activate and kill cancer cells.

Cancer is one of the most threatening diseases taking a toll on the human population. There are different types of cancer researched worldwide to find the best treatment procedure to follow.

The oncologists of the Best Cancer Hospital in India will be able to give more insights into the types of cancer and its treatments.


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