What Does A Facialist Do? Differences Between Dermatologists and Facialists

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By Rakib Sarwar

If you are in confusion about ‘what does a  facialist do’, then this post will obviously help you. We have all gotten a facial in some time of our life, or at least felt the need to get one. Facials or skincare therapy are essential for ensuring healthy skin in this age of urbanization.

The industrialization has caused polluted air everywhere in the world, with toxic chemicals and materials. That’s why we can’t maintain healthy skin just by going on with our lives. We need to get skin therapy.

Facialists, also known as aestheticians are people who are certified experts in skin treatments. You can get all types of skincare advice from a facialist. Even if you are not gonna become a facialist someday, it’s important to simply know about the job description.

Because knowing more information will help you decide some things for yourself and get an idea of what you are getting from skincare therapy.

In this article, we are going to provide you a brief overview of the important things you need to know about what a facialist does.

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Differences Between Dermatologists and Facialists

This is a very important distinction that many people don’t know about. This is why we are covering this first. A dermatologist is a doctor who has completed graduation, medical school, and training at a medical facility.

Some dermatologists even receive more specialized training or additional education.

Dermatologists are medical and surgical experts about health and beauty-related concerns of your skin, including your hair and nails.

Dermatologists are authorized to diagnose serious skin diseases like skin cancer, Acne, Rosacea, Psoriasis, STDs, viral skin diseases, etc. They are also authorized to prescribe your treatments based on the diagnosis. The treatments include but are not limited to-

  • Performing surgery on skin deformities
  • Performing cosmetic procedures like- injection of fillers, lasers, botox, prescription-strength chemical peels. These cosmetic procedures are more invasive than the ones that are performed by facialists and require a special certification.

Facialists are skincare experts who examine and treat the outermost layers of your skin, through various cosmetic treatments that we will cover in more detail below.

The work of estheticians is often collaborative with that of dermatologists. Sometimes your dermatologist might advise you to see an esthetician for treatments of acne or improving your skin condition through facials.

If your esthetician sees any abnormalities on your skin, they might recommend you to see a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

If you don’t have any kind of skin disease, going to a facialist is perfect to improve your skin condition. Although it’s better to have your skin examined by a dermatologist once every year to be safe.

Now we are going to talk in detail about the job of a facialist.

What Does A Facialist Do?

Facialists are professionals who specialize in the beautification of your skin. They are authorized to perform cosmetic skin treatments that include facials, superficial chemical peels, extractions, acne treatments, microdermabrasion, body wraps, masks, scrubs, waxing, hair removal, tanning, makeup application, etc.

Each of these topics will be covered in brief in the following section.


Facials are the most common treatment offered by facialists. Facialists offer many types of organic and inorganic facials that you can get, each with its particular benefit for your skin.

The basic facial includes these steps-

  • Facial cleansing to remove dust from your skin
  • Exfoliation to remove dead skin cells
  • Steaming to open up your skin pores
  • Applying a face mask to hydrate your skin and remove excess oil
  • Toning your skin
  • Moisturizing your skin

Depending on the type and need of your skin, the facialist will suggest various facials.

Superficial Chemical Peels

Superficial chemical peels are very effective and the least abrasive chemical peel solutions. A facialist will suggest this treatment to treat minor discolorations on your skin and uneven skin texture. During the procedure, the facialist will apply a solution to the affected area of your skin.

The solution will then cause your skin to exfoliate and peel off. If the peel solution goes deeper into your skin, then the results will be more dramatic. Your skin won’t take much time to recover from the effects of the solution.


A facialist will perform extraction on your skin to clear a clogged pore, manually or mechanically. Clogged pores have excess sebum and dead skin cells that can be increasingly harmful to your skin.  Extractions are part of most facials.

In a manual extraction, the facialist will use their fingers cloaked in gauze or cotton to clean your clogged pores. Mechanical extraction involves the use of a pore extractor. You can try doing DIY extraction at home if you don’t have time, but we recommend taking the time to see a professional.

Acne Treatments

Acne treatments are regular treatments done by facialists to help clear acne breakouts. Acne treatments can vary depending on your skin type and condition too. The esthetician will determine what’s best for your skin and recommend a treatment procedure.

Some facials can help a lot to fight acne breakouts. Facialists might suggest additional products that will complement your acne medications.


Microdermabrasion is a very popular skin treatment recommended by facialists. Microdermabrasion removes the dull outermost layer of your skin and exposes the fresh, unwrinkled skin underneath.

The procedure includes scrubbing your skin with crystals and softly smoothing the damaged top layer of your skin. You will get a rejuvenated appearance and look instantly younger.

Body Wraps, Masks, and Scrubs

It’s not only your facial skin that needs therapy and treatment. Facialists will also treat other parts of your body’s skin. The facialist will exfoliate your entire skin from top to skin using salt glows and sugar scrubs. Body masks and body wraps will soften and brighten your skin.

You can choose your preferred treatment depending on the kind of glow you are looking for.

Hair Removal and Waxing

Unwanted hair can be ugly to watch and uncomfortable for yourself too. Unwanted hair is typically removed from waxing, and it can be done anywhere on your body. For example, bikini waxes are very popular. Waxing is recommended just as well for men.


If you are not new to facial treatments, you know how much tans are popular among young people. But recent research has shown that different tans can severely damage your skin, and can even cause you skin cancer. But if you have to get a tan, go for the safer options like airbrush tan.

In an airbrush tan, your skin will be sprayed on with a sunless tanning product.

Makeup Application

Makeup application is nothing special when it comes to the procedure. But the specialty comes in the special looks you can get depending on what kind of ceremonies you are attending. Not always you can get perfect makeup at home by yourself.

Many estheticians specialize in makeup application and they’ll give you the perfect look that you want.

Final Words: What Does A Facialist Do?

Facialists are important people in everyone’s lives because of their job. We hope our article will help you to decide what you want from your facialist the next time you visit.

You can also read our following posts:

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